KEDUDUKAN SAUDARA DALAM KEWARISAN ISLAM DAN METODE HITUNGAN BAGIANNYA MENURUT KONSEP SYAJAROTUL MIRATS

Raja Ritonga* -  Sekolah Tinggi Agama Islam Negeri Mandailing Natal, Indonesia
Amhar Maulana Harahap -  Sekolah Tinggi Agama Islam Barumun Raya, Indonesia

DOI : 10.30863/as-hki.v5i1.2524

Islamic inheritance makes the line of blood relationship part of the cause of getting an inheritance. Therefore, kinship is a binding relationship for mutual inheritance. However, in practice a number of differences exist between siblings and half-siblings, between brothers and sisters. This study aims to describe the position of the siblings of the heir. Furthermore, this study also describes the method and practice of calculating the share of the brothers in Islamic inheritance according to the concept of syajarotul mirats. The research method used is a qualitative method with the type of library research. All required data is collected through searching a number of books, books, journals and other scientific works that are related to the research theme. Furthermore, the data were analyzed descriptively. The results of the study concluded that brothers in Islamic inheritance are grouped according to the strength of their kinship. The group of siblings is referred to as 'ayan, half-sisters are referred to as 'akhyaf and half-sisters seibu are referred to as 'allat. In the practice of determining the inheritance share, they are located as ashabul furudh, ashobah binnafsi, ashobah bilghoir and ashobah ma'alghoir.

Keywords: Sibling Inheritance; A'yan; Akhyaf; 'Allat; Syajarotul Mirats.

Keywords
Sibling Inheritance; A'yan; Akhyaf; 'Allat; Syajarotul Mirats.
  1. ’Ajuz, Ahmad Muhyiddin Al. Al Mirats Al ’Adil Fi Al Islam Baina Al Mawarits Al Qadimah Wa Al Haditsah. Beirut: Muassasah Al Ma’arif, 1986.
  2. ’As’ad, Abu ’As’ad Mansur bin Hasan Yahya. Aina Haqqu Haulain Nisa Min Al Irst. Riyad: Maktabah Malik Fahd, 1995.
  3. Ar-Rozi, Syekh Imam Muhammad ibn Abu Bakar ibn Abdul Qodir. Mukhtarus Shohhah. Kairo: Dar El Hadith, 2003.
  4. Arwan, Firdaus Muhammad. “Kedudukan Saudara Dalam Kewarisan Islam,” 2021, 1=14.
  5. Dollu, Emanuel Bate Satria. “MODAL SOSIAL: Studi Tentang Kumpo Kampo Sebagai Strategi Melestarikan Kohesivitas Pada Masyarakat Larantuka Di Kabupaten Flores Timur.” Jurnal Warta Governare 1, no. 1 (2020): 59–72.
  6. Firdaweri. “Konsep Ahli Waris Menurut Islam Dan Adat.” Asas 7, no. 2 (2015): 1–21.
  7. Haryono, Akhmad. “PERUBAHAN DAN PERKEMBANGAN BAHASA : Tinjauan Historis.” Linguistika 18, no. 35 (2011): 1–9.
  8. Hazani, Dewi Chandra. “KOMUNIKASI INTERAKSI SOSIAL ANTAR REMAJA DALAM MENINGKATKAN UKHUWAH ISLAMIYAH DI DESA SABA LOMBOK TENGAH.” EDISI : Jurnal Edukasi Dan Sains 2, no. 1 (2020): 1–24.
  9. Katsir, Abu Fida’ Ismail bin Umar Ibnu. Tafsir Al Qur’an Al ‘Adzhim. II. Riyad: Daar Thoibah, 1999.
  10. Khalifah, Muhammad Taha Abu Al ’Ala. Ahkam Al Mawarits Dirasah Tathbiqiyah. Kairo: Dar Al Salam, 2005.
  11. Habawati, M. H., & Mustafa, M. H. (2022). PENYELESAIAN KEWARISAN TO MANANG DALAM MASYARAKAT KECAMATAN CENRANA KABUPATEN BONE. AL-SYAKHSHIYYAH Jurnal Hukum Keluarga Islam dan Kemanusiaan, 4(1), 1-18.
  12. Naskur. “Ahli Waris Dalam Kompilasi Hukum Islam.” Jurnal Ilmiah Al-Syir’ah 6, no. 2 (2018).
  13. Nurjannah. “Studi Kasus Tentang Hak Waris Saudara Seibu Dalam Perspektif Hukum Waris ( Penetapan PA Mamuju No : 003 / Pdt . P / 2013 / PA . Mmj ).” Hasanuddin, 2018.
  14. Pieter, Jeneman, and John A. Titaley. “Hubungan Antar Agama Dalam Kebhinekaan Indonesia.” Waskita, Jurnal Studi Agama Dan Masyarakat 2, no. 2 (2014): 19–47. https://ejournal.uksw.edu/waskita/article/view/157.
  15. Qonun, Lajnah Qism Al Fiqh Fak. Syariah wal. Fiqh Al Mawarits. Kairo: Universitas Al Azhar, 2010.
  16. Raja Ritonga, Akhyar, Jannus Tambunan, Andri Muda. “Konsep Syajarotul Mirats Dalam Praktek Kewarisan Islam.” Jurnal Samawa 2, no. 1 (2022): 99–113.
  17. Ritonga, Raja. “Ta’yin; Penentuan Bagian Ahli Waris Sebelum Pembagian Warisan.” Al-Syakhshiyyah 3, no. 1 (2021): 29–47. https://doi.org/10.35673/as-hki.v3i1.1348.
  18. ———. “THE CONCEPTS AND METHODS OF DZAWIL ARHAM HERITAGE CALCULATION: Analysis and Practice.” Nurani: Jurnal Kajian Syari’ah Dan Masyarakat 21, no. 2 (2021): 159–74. https://doi.org/10.19109/nurani.v21i2.8687.
  19. ———. “The Firts Class of Women Heir Member in The Observation of Surah An-Nisa Ayat 11, 12 and 176.” Al- ‘ A Dalah : Jurnal Syariah Dan Hukum Islam 6, no. 1 (2021): 1–17. https://doi.org/10.31538/adlh.v6i1.1362.
  20. Rustina. “KELUARGA DALAM KAJIAN SOSIOLOGI.” Musawa 6, no. 2 (2014): 287–322.
  21. Shobuni, Syekh Muhammad Ali. Al Mawarits Fi Asy-Syari’ah Al- Islamiyah Fi Dhoui Al Kitab Wa As Sunnah. Kairo: Daar Ash Shobuni, 2002.
  22. Umro, Jakaria. “Konsep Pendidikan Agama Islam Dalam Menumbuhkan Nilai-Nilai Ukhuwah Di Sekolah.” Jurnal Al-Makrifat 4, no. 1 (2019): 177–99.
  23. Wakano, Abidin. “Nilai-Nilai Pendidikan Multikultural Dalam Kearifan Lokal Masyarakat Maluku.” Al-Iltizam: Jurnal Pendidikan Agama Islam 4, no. 2 (2019): 26–43. https://doi.org/10.33477/alt.v4i2.1006.
  24. Washil, Naser Farid Muhammad. Fiqhu Al Mawarits Wa Al Wasiyah. Kairo: Dar Al Salam, 1995.

Full Text:
Article Info
Submitted: 2022-03-22
Published: 2023-06-30
Section: Articles
Article Statistics: 222 499