The implementation of scaffolding technique to improve students’ writing skill

Ardillah Kurais* -  Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Bangun Hutama Wardana -  Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Indonesia

DOI : 10.30863/ekspose.v1i1.1374

Scaffolding is a technique that help the students to improve their ability by giving them aids or supports through five basic steps of this technique consisted of intentionality, appropriatenes, structure, collaboration and internalization. The scaffolding technique was applied in order to improve the students’ ability in writing skill. This study was conducted on the fifth semester students of IAIN Palopo by applying classroom action research. The data and the source data of this study was all of the students in English department. The result of this study showed that there increasing points from cycle I and the cycle II. The first cycle showed that two students obtained good score (13.3%) and 14 students obtained poor score (86.7%) which the mean score was 61.8. in the second cycle there was a development wherein 10 students obtained good score (66.7%) and five students where in fair score (33.3%) which the mean score was 75. The difference between two cycles was on the improvement of given support or appropriate scaffolding to the students. The five steps of scaffolding technique did not mean to help students from the beginning until finishing the works but to give them a guidance where the certain parts still have difficulty to solve.
writing; scaffolding technique; classroom action research
  1. Alfaqiri, Meshal. (2018). English second language writing difficulties and challenge among Saudi Arabian language learners. Journal for study of English Linguistics. Vol 6 no 1, p 24-36
  2. Arikunto, Suharsimi. et al. (2007). Penelitian Tindakan Kelas. Cet. VI; Jakarta: BumiAksara.
  3. Axford, Beverly. et al. (2009). Scaffolding Literacy. Victoria: ACER Press.
  4. Bailey, Stephen. (2006). Academic Writing. Canada: Routledge
  5. Heaton,J.B. (1988). Writing English Language Test. New York: Longman,.
  6. Kamil, Rohmat. (2017). Exploring teacher’s scaffolding to the students in teaching writing. Journal of English and Education. Vol 5 no 2, October 2017, p 187-193
  7. Kasmaini. (2010). The Implementation of Scaffolding in Improving Students’ Activeness in Writing. Skripsi Sarjana, tidak diterbitkan, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang.
  8. Madya, Suwarsih. (2013). Metodologi Pengajaran Bahasa. Yogyakarta: UNY Press.
  9. Oshima, Alice & Hague, Ann. (1997). Introduction to Academic Writing. New York: Longman
  10. Oshima, Alice & Hague, Ann. (2006). Writing Academic English. New York: Longman
  11. Padmadewi N., Artini P. (2019). Using scaffolding strategies in teaching writing for improving students literacy in primary school. Social Science, Education and Humanities Research. Volume 178
  12. Solahuddin, M. (2009). Kiat-Kiat Cepat Belajar Writing. Cet I; Yogyakarta: Diva Press.
  13. Veerappan, A/L Veeramuthu. (2011). The Effect of Scaffolding Technique in Journal Writing among the Second Language Learners. Journal of Teaching and Research vol 2 no 4, 934-940
  14. Vonna, Yulia, (2015). The Effect of Scaffolding Technique on Students’ Writing Achievement. Jurnal Pendidikan Humaniora. Vol 3 no 1, p 227-233
  15. Vygostky, L.S. (1978). Mind in society. Cambridge: Harvard University Press

Full Text:
Article Info
Submitted: 2021-05-04
Published: 2021-08-12
Section: Artikel
Article Statistics: 40 36