Rizki Ramadani* -  Universitas Muslim Indonesia, Indonesia
Muhammad Ya'rif Arifin -  Universitas Muslim Indonesia, Indonesia

DOI : 10.30863/aldustur.v6i2.4942

The establishment of the Independent State Commission and other non-structural institutions was one of the alterations in the structure of the Indonesian constitution during the transition era and after the 1945 Constitution was amended. It is not uncommon for these Commissions to face criticism and controversy due to their autonomous authority and independence from the major branches of power. The objective of this research is to examine and describe the primary traits of such an institution in order for it to be recognized as an Independent State Commission by comparing it to the concept and best practices in the United States. As well as to justify the legitimacy of its position within the Indonesian constitutional framework. As a doctrinal legal research, this study uses a conceptual and legal comparative approach to secondary data presented in a descriptive-analytical manner. The findings revealed that the independent State Commission's two key characteristics were its independence from the executive organs and its autonomous-regulatory power. In terms of legal position, the classical trias politica perspectives need be modified as the Independent State Commission is now viewed as a new branch of government under a new separation of powers framework.

Independent Commission; Separation of Power; Legitimacy
  1. Arjomand, Said Amir. "Law, political reconstruction and constitutional politics." International Sociology 18, no. 1 (2003): 7-32.
  2. Asshiddiqie, Jimly. "Perkembangan & Konsolidasi Lembaga Negara Pasca Amandemen." Sinar Grafika, Jakarta (2010).
  3. Bima, Muh Rinaldy, and Rizki Ramadani. "Position of Supervisory Board Organ and Its Implications for the Institutional Corruption Eradication Commission." Law Reform 16, no. 2 (2019): 179-197.
  4. Dobkin, Donald S. "The Rise of the Administrative State: A Prescription for Lawlessness." Kan. JL & Pub. Pol'y 17 (2007): 362.
  5. Falaakh, M. Fajrul. "Konstitusi dalam berbagai lapisan makna." Jurnal Konstitusi 3, no. 3 (2006).
  6. Fedewa, J. L., “Bureucracy: The Fourth Branch of Government”, accessed on october 2, 2014.
  7. Firmansyah Arifin, et all., Lembaga Negara dan Sengketa Kewenangan Antar Lembaga Negara, Jakarta: Konsorsium Reformasi Hukum Nasional bekerjasama dengan Mahkamah Konstitusi Republik Indonesia, 2005.
  8. Indrayana, Denny. Negara antara ada dan tiada: reformasi hukum ketatanegaraan. Penerbit Buku Kompas, (2008).
  9. Jimly Asshiddiqie, “Fungsi Campuran KPPU Sebagai Lembaga Quasi-Peradilan accessed on January 21, 2014.
  10. Kommers, Donald P., John E. Finn, and Gary J. Jacobsohn. American constitutional law: essays, cases, and comparative notes. Vol. 2. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, (2009).
  11. Mochtar, Zainal Arifin, and Iwan Satriawan. "Efektivitas Sistem Penyeleksian Pejabat Komisi Negara di Indonesia." Jurnal Konstitusi 6, no. 3 (2009): 155.
  12. Mochtar, Zainal Arifin. Lembaga negara independen: dinamika perkembangan dan urgensi penataannya kembali pasca amandemen konstitusi. PT Raja Grafindo Persada, (2016).
  13. Nurtjahjo, Hendra. "Lembaga, Badan, Dan Komisi Negara Independen (State Auxiliary Agencies) Di Indonesia: Tin. Jauan Hukum Tata Negara." Jurnal Hukum & Pembangunan 35, no. 3 (2005): 275-287.
  14. Ramadani, Rizki, and Andika Prawira Buana. "The Needed but Unwanted Independent Regulatory Agencies: Questioning Their Legitimacy and Control in Indonesia." In The 2nd International Conference of Law, Government and Social Justice (ICOLGAS 2020), pp. 674-684. Atlantis Press, 2020.
  15. Ramadani, Rizki, and Moch Andry WW Mamonto. "Independency of the Corruption Eradication Commission of the Republic of Indonesia (KPK RI) in Indicators of Independent Regulatory Agencies (IRAs)." Substantive Justice International Journal of Law 1, no. 2 (2018): 82-94.
  16. Ramadani, Rizki. "Lembaga negara independen di Indonesia dalam perspektif konsep Independent Regulatory Agencies." Jurnal Hukum Ius Quia Iustum 27, no. 1 (2020): 169-192.
  17. Ramadani, Rizki. "Reformulation of Institutional Relationship between the People’s Representative Council and the Corruption Eradication Commission." Corruptio 2, no. 1 (2021): 33-44.
  18. Rishan, Idul. "Batas Konstitusional Penggunaan Hak Angket terhadap Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi." Jurnal Konstitusi 16, no. 3 (2019): 630-654.
  19. Rishan, Idul. "Relevansi Hak Angket Terhadap Komisi Negara Independen." Dialogia Iuridica: Jurnal Hukum Bisnis Dan Investasi 10, no. 1 (2018): 44-64.
  20. Tauda, Gunawan A. "Kedudukan Komisi Negara Independen dalam Struktur Ketatanegaraan Republik Indonesia." Pranata Hukum 6, no. 2 (2011).
  21. Verhoest, Koen, Paul Roness, Bram Verschuere, Kristin Rubecksen, and Muiris MacCarthaigh. Autonomy and control of state agencies: Comparing states and agencies. Springer, (2010).
  22. William F. Funk and Robert H. Seamon. Admisnistrative Law: Examples and Explanations, New York: Apen Law & Bussiness, (2001).
  23. Yves, Meny, and Andrew Knapp. "Government and Politic in Western Europe: Britain, France, Italy, Germany." (1998).

Full Text:
Article Info
Submitted: 2023-06-29
Published: 2023-08-24
Section: Articles
Article Statistics: 226 147