AN ANALYSIS OF FIQH JINAYAH AND CRIMINAL LAW ON THE LEGAL PROTECTION FOR CHILDREN AS VICTIMS OF OBSCENITY

Budiman Budiman -  Institut Agama Islam Negeri Pare-pare, Indonesia
Wirani Aisiyah Anwar* -  faculty of sharia and Islamic law IAIN PArepare, Indonesia
A. Rio Makkulau -  Institut Agama Islam Negeri Pare-pare, Indonesia

DOI : 10.30863/aldustur.v5i2.2632

The issues raised include the concept of juvenile criminal law from the perspective of fiqh jinayah and positive law, differences in the concept of juvenile crime from the perspective of fiqh jinayah and positive law, the correlation of the concept of juvenile crime to the fiqh perspective and positive law. To study and answer the problem, a multidisciplinary approach is used, namely the normative theological approach (syar'i), juridical/legislative (statue approach), historical (historical approach), sociological (sociological approach), psychology (psychological approach). This research is classified as library research. The results of the study indicate that perpetrators of sexual abuse with child victims, in positive law and fiqh jinayah, sanctions are deterrent so that the perpetrator does not do it again. The laws governing this matter, namely the Republic of Indonesia Law Number 3 of 1997, Law Number 23 of 2002 concerning Child Protection and Law no. 4 of 1979 concerning Child Welfare. In contrast to Islamic law (fiqh), children's perceptions and forms of accountability make criminal acts of children not subject to Uqubah (punishment), but takzir (warning) and ta'dibiyyah (coaching) only. The correlations between the two are: (1) The principle of respect for children. (2) The process of applying punishment for a child who is a criminal act in positive law that is different from a criminal act other than a child. If viewed from the mashlahah rules, giving takzir and ta'dibiyah to children who commit crimes is mashlahah hajiyat (secondary) and mashlahah mulgah.

Keywords
Obscenity; Children; Fiqh Jinayah; Criminal Law
  1. ‘Abd Al-Hamid, Miftah Khalifah. Huquq Al-Tifl Wifqan Litasyri’at Wa Al-Ittifaqiyyat Al-Duwaliyyah. Alexandria: Dar Al-Matbu’ah Al-Jami’iyyah. 2010.
  2. Abu Dawud, Sulaiman ibn Al-Asy’at. Sunan Abi Dawud. Jilid VII. Damaskus: Dar AlRisalah Al-Alamiyyah. 2009. Kitab Al-Adab, Bab Fi Taghyir Al-Asma. Hadis No. 4948.
  3. Agnesta Krisna, Liza. Hukum Perlindungan Anak. Yogyakarta: CV Budi Utama. 2018.
  4. Ahmad, Beni. Sosiologi Hukum. Jakarta: Pustaka Setia. 2007.
  5. Al-Hamid, ‘Abd. Miftah Khalifah. Huquq Al-Tifl Wifqan Litasyri’at Wa Al-Ittifaqiyyat Al-Duwaliyyah. Alexandria: Dar Al-Matbu’ah Al-Jami’iyyah, 2010.
  6. Al-Husaini, Muhammad. Kifayah Al-Akhyar. Jilid II. Jakarta: Al-Haramain. 2005.
  7. Al-Jaziri, Abd Al-Rahman. Kitab al-Fiqh ‘Ala al-Madzahib al-Arba’ah. Jilid IV. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub Al-Ilmiyyah. 1987.
  8. Al-Zuhaili, Wahbah. Al-Fiqh Al-Islami Wa Adillatuh. Jilid VII. Beirut: Dar Al-Fikr. 1989.
  9. Alam, Andi Syamsu dan M. Fauzan. Hukum Pengangkatan Anak Perspektif Hukum Islam. Jakarta: Kencana Prenada Media Group. 2006.
  10. Aqlah, Muhammad Tarbiyyah Al-Awlad Fi Al-Islam. Oman: Maktabah Al-Risalah Al-Haditsah. 1990.
  11. Arif, Gosita. Masalah Perlindungan Anak. Cet.II; Jakarta: Akademika Pressindo. 1989.
  12. Arivia, Gadis. Potret Buram Eksploitasi Kekerasan Seksual Pada Anak. Jakarta: Ford Foundation. 2005.
  13. Astuti, Mulia. Dkk. Kebijakan Kesejahteraan dan Perlindungan Anak. Jakarta: P3KS Press. 2013).
  14. Aziz, Abdul. Ensiklopedi Hukum Islam. Jakarta: Ikhtiar Baru Van Hoepe. 1999.
  15. Bakker, Anton. Metode Filsafat. Jakarta: Ghalia Indonesia. 1986.
  16. Chazawi, Adami. Tindak Pidana Mengenai Kesopanan. Jakarta: PT. Raja Grafindo Persada. 2005.
  17. Dellyana, Shanty. Wanita dan Anak Di Mata Hukum. Yogyakarta: Liberty. 1988.
  18. Gultom, Maidin. Perlindungan Hukum Terhadap Anak Dalam Sistem Peradilan Pidana Anak di Indonesia. Bandung: PT Refika Aditama. 2013.
  19. Hamudah, Sa’id dan Muntasir. Himayah Huquq Al-Tifl Fi Al-Qanun Al-Duwali Al-‘Am Wa Al-Islami. Alexandria: Dar Al-Jami’ah Al-Jadidah. 2007.
  20. Haq, Islamul. Fiqh Jinayah. Parepare: IAIN Parepare Nusantara Press. 2020.
  21. Huraerah, Abu. Kekerasan Terhadap Anak. Jakarta: Nusantara. 2006.
  22. Kamil, Ahmad. Hukum Perlindungan dan Pengangkatan Anak di Indonesia. Jakarta: Rajawali Press. 2008.
  23. Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia (KBBI). Edisi Kedua; Cet 1: Jakarta Balai Pustaka. 2012Kartono, Kartini. Patologi Sosial. Jilid 1; Jakarta: PT Raja Grafindo Persada. 1981.
  24. KBBI Daring, https://kbbi.kemdikbud.go.id/entri/anak.
  25. Lamintang, P.A.F. Dasar-dasar Hukum Pidana Indonesia. Bandung: Citra Aditya Bakti. 1997.
  26. Maman. Metode Penelitian Agama: Teori dan Praktik. Jakarta: PT Raja Grafindo Persada. 2006.
  27. Mapaun, Leden. Kejahatan terhadap Kesusilaan dan Masalah Prefensinya. Cet.II; Jakarta: Sinar Grafika. 2004.
  28. Marlina, Peradilan Pidana Anak di Indonesia. Bandung: Refika Aditama. 2009.
  29. Moelhanto. Asas-asas Hukum Pidana. Jakarta: Bina Aksara. 2000.
  30. Qanun Aceh Nomor 11 Tahun 2008 Tentang Perlindungan Anak. Jakarta. 2009.
  31. Rawls, John. A Teory Of Justice (Revised Edition). London: Oxford University Press. 1999.
  32. Santoso, Topo. Seksualitas dan Hukum Pidana. IND-HILL-CO: Jakarta. 1997.
  33. Setiono. Supremasi Hukum. Surakarta: UNS. 2004.
  34. Soeaidy, Sholeh dan Zulkhair. Dasar Hukum Perlindungan Anak. Cet.I; Jakarta: CV. Novindo Pustaka Mandiri. 2001.
  35. Soedarso. Kamus Hukum. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta. 1992.
  36. Soesilo, R. Kitab-Kitab Undang Hukum Pidana Serta Komentar-Komentar Lengkap Pasal Demi Pasal. Bogor: Politea: 1996.
  37. Subhan, Zaitunah. Membahas Fiqh Pemberdayaan Perempuan. Jakarta: el-kahfi. 2008.
  38. Sutedjo, Wagiati. Hukum Pidana Anak. Bandung: PT. Refika Aditama. 2006.
  39. Sugiyono. Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif Kualitatif R&D. Bandung: Alfabeta. 2006.
  40. Suharsini, Ari Kunto. Prosedur Penelitian: Suatu Pendekatan Praktek. Jakarta: Rajawali Pers. 2002.
  41. Sulistyaningsih, dalam Skripsi Tindak Pidana Pencabulan Terhadap Anak. 2004. http://fh.unsoed.ac.id/sites/default/files/bibliofile/Sulistiyaningsih-E1A007183.pdf diunduh 10 Juni 2021
  42. Suyanto. Pengantar Hukum Pidana. Yogyakarta: CV Budi Utama. 2018.
  43. Tim Redaksi Fokusmedia. Undang Undang Nomor 35 Tahun 2014 Tentang Perlindungan Anak. Edisi Lengkap. Cet.I; Bandung: Fokusmedia. 2007.
  44. Umar Sa’abah, Marzuki. Perilaku Seks Menyimpang dan Seksualitas Kontemporer Umat Islam. Yogyakarta: UII Press. 2001.
  45. Undang-Undang RI Nomor 1 Tahun 1974 Tentang Perkawinan & Kompilasi Hukum Islam. Cet. 3; Bandung: Citra Umbara. 2013.
  46. Wadang, Maulana Hasan. Advokasi Dan Hukum Perlindungan Anak. Jakarta: Gramedia Widiasarana. 2000.
  47. Yanggo, Huzaemah Tahido. Fikih Perempuan Kontemporer. Jakarta: Ghalia Indonesia. 2010.

Full Text:
Article Info
Submitted: 2022-05-06
Published: 2022-11-30
Section: Articles
Article Statistics: 370 347