THE LAW OF ONLINE ZAKAT BASED ON THE APPLICATION PROVIDING EASINESS IN TRANSACTION OF ZAKAT PAYMENT

Sari Utami* -  Lecturer at State Islamic Institute (IAIN) Bone, Indonesia

DOI : 10.35673/al-bayyinah.v4i2.774

The importance of zakat distribution in the digital age increasingly shows the existence and urgency of digitalization in all aspects. The purpose of zakat distribution online will facilitate muzakki effectively and efficiently in terms of activities and time in distributing zakat evenly and thoroughly to break the poverty chain, and improve social and economic welfare of the community without having to distinguish between the rich and poor, because behind the distribution of zakat funds is the rights of those who are entitled to receive it (mustahik). This research focused on qualitative research using a descriptive analysis technique which is to conduct an analysis by describing, describing, explaining about paying zakat online in Islamic law. In Islamic view, zakat which is done online is permissible because one of the reasons is that it is only different in form of distribution, namely the transition from manual to automatic. From those who usually come to the institution to pay directly but this time only by accessing and transferring. However, it still does not abandon the terms or conditions in issuing or distributing zakat. Distribution of zakat online is not a problem in terms of Islamic law, because its distribution will facilitate muzakki or Muslims who have an obligation to pay zakat. A muzakki can distribute his zakat online is legal and not a problem legally. Special institutions that are given the mandate in the distribution of zakat will be managed because it is deposited from muzakki which is distributed online and must be in accordance with the principles in sharia provisions. So that the obligation to fulfill or pay zakat continues to be carried out in order to share with others who are entitled to need throughout Indonesia.

Keywords: Easiness; Islamic Law; Online; Zakat.

  1. Al-Imam Kamal al-Din Ibn ‘Abd al-Rahid al-Sirasi Ibn al-Humam, SyarḥFatḥal-Qadīr, Jilid 6 (Beirut: Daral-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah, without year).
  2. Al-Jaziri, Abdurrahman. Kitab Al-Fiqh ‘Ala Al-Madzahib Al-Arba’ah, (Kairo: Dar al-Jauzy, 2014).
  3. Al-Qardhawi, Yusuf. Hukum Zakat (Terj.), (Bogor: PT. Pustaka Literasi Antarnusa, 2011).
  4. ------------.Shadaqah, Cara Islam Mengentaskan Kemiskinan, (Bandung: PT. Remaja Rosdakarya, 2010).
  5. Azmi, Shalahuddin. Menimbang Ekonomi Islam-Keuangan Publik, Konsep Perpajakan, dan Peran Bait al-Mal., (Bandung: Penerbit Nuansa, 2015).
  6. Esposito, John L. Ensiklopedi Oxford: Dunia Islam Modern (Translation), Eva Y.N. et al., (Bandung: Mizan, 2001).
  7. Faisal, Ahmad. "PERGUMULAN KULTUR DAN STRUKTUR DALAM MANAJEMEN ZAKAT DI POHUWATO GORONTALO." Al-Bayyinah 3.2 (2019): 146-165.
  8. Gumilang, Regita Cahya. Tinjauan Hukum Islam terhadap Keabsahan Pembayaran Zakat yang dilakukan Secara Online yang Berafiliasi dengan BAZNAS Menurut Imam Syafi’i, Dinamika: Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Hukum, Volume 26, Number 7 February 2020, p. 929-939.
  9. Hamzah, H. (2019). Problematika Pengoptimalan Potensi Wakaf Produktif di Kabupaten Bone. Ekspose: Jurnal Penelitian Hukum dan Pendidikan, 18(1), 741-752.
  10. Ikatan Akuntan Indonesia, Pernyataan Standar Akuntansi Keuangan Nomor 109, (Jakarta: IAI, 2011).
  11. Jamaluddin, Syakir. Kuliah Fiqih Ibadah, (Yogyakarta: Surya Sarana Grafika, 2010).
  12. Kartika, Elsi. Pedoman Pengelolaan Zakat (Semarang: UNNES Press, 2006).
  13. Kasri, Rahmatina Awaliyah; Niken Iwani S Putri. Fundraising Strategies to Optimize Zakat Potential in Indonesia: An Exploratory Qualitative Study. Al-Iqtishad: Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Syariah (Journal of Islamic Economics), Volume 10 Number 1 2018,. https://doi.org/10.15408/aiq.v10i1.6191, p. 1–24.
  14. Kurniawati, Kedermawanan Kaum Muslimin : Potensi Dan Realita Zakat Masyarakat Di Indonesia. (Jakarta: Piramedia (PIRAC)).
  15. Lewandowski, Dirk. Users’ Understanding of Search Engine Advertisements. Journal of Information Science Theory and Practice, 5(4) 2017, https://doi.org/10.1633/JISTaP.2017.5.4.1, p. 6–25.
  16. Miftah, A. A. Teori Diyani dan Qadha’i dalam Pembangunan Hukum Islam Kontemporer, Innovation journal of religious innovation studies, Vol. 9, Number. 2, 2010, p. 189-198.
  17. Misranto, M. Taufik. Yurispruden: Keselamatan Tenaga Kerja Dalam Perspektif Hak Asasi Manusia (Prespektif Islam, UDHR, dan Hukum Positif), Vol. 1, Number 2, (June 2018), p. 194-205.
  18. MUI Ingatkan Masyarakat yang Berzakat Online accessed from https://www.republika.co.id/berita/dunia-islam/wakaf/17/06/07/or653i423-mui-ingatkanmasyarakat-yang-berzakat-online pada tanggal 20-05-2020 at 15:30.
  19. Rachman, Muhammad Aulia dan Annisa Nur Salam. The Reinforcement of Zakat Management Trougt Financial Technology Systems, International Journal of Zakat | ISSN: 2548 2335 | Vol. 3 (1) 2018, p. 57-69.
  20. Rais, Irnawati. Muzakki dan Kriterianya dalam Tinjauan Fikih Zakat, Jurnal Al-Iqtishad: Volume 1, Number 1, January 2009, p. 91-106
  21. Rijal, Khairul. Analysis of Online Portal and E-Payment Application Usage: A Case Study of BAZNAS Indonesia. International Conference of Zakat. Proceeding 2nd ICONZ INTERNASIONAL CONFERENCE OF ZAKAT_BAZNAS. ISSN: 2655-6251, DOI: https://doi.org/10.37706/iconz, Published: 2019-02-14, p. 43-51.
  22. Rijal, Khairul dan Nilawati. Potensi Pembayaran Zakat Secara Online Dan Offline Serta Realisasi Dana Zakat Indonesia, I-Economics: A Research Journal on Islamic Economics, ISSN 2548-5601, e-ISSN 2548-561X, Vol. 5. Number 2. December 2019, p. 116-131.
  23. Rohim, Ade Nur. Optimalisasi Penghimpunan Zakat Melalui Digital Fundraising, Al-Balagh: Jurnal Dakwah dan Komunikasi, Vol. 4, Number 1, January – June 2019, DOI: 10.22515/balagh.v4i1.1556, ISSN: 2527-5704 (P) ISSN: 2527-5682, p. 59-90.
  24. Rosadi, Aden. Amil Zakat Menurut Hukum Islam dan Peraturan Perundang-undangan, Al-Manahij: Jurnal Kajian Hukum Islam, Vol. XI. Number 2, December 2017, p. 189-198.
  25. Republik Indonesia, “Undang-Undang RI Nomor 23 Tahun 2011 Tentang Pengelolaan Zakat.”
  26. Zaimah, Nely Rahmawati. Analisis Progresif Skema Fundraising Wakaf dengan Pemanfaatan E-Commerce di Indonesia. Jurnal ‘Anil Islam, Volume 10, Number 2, 2017, p. 285–316.

Full Text:
Article Info
Submitted: 2020-06-11
Published: 2020-08-27
Section: Artikel
Article Statistics: 146 150